 ## Kindergarten

2. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to understand how to represent and compare whole numbers, the relative position and magnitude of whole numbers, and relationships within the numeration system. The student is expected to:

3. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to develop an understanding of addition and subtraction situations in order to solve problems. The student is expected to:

6.Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to analyze attributes of two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional solids to develop generalizations about their properties. The student is expected to:

7. Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to directly compare measurable attributes. The student is expected to:

8. Data analysis. The student applies mathematical process standards to collect and organize data to make it useful for interpreting information. The student is expected to:

Standard Description
8A collect, sort, and organize data into two or three categories
8B use data to create real-object and picture graphs
8C draw conclusions from real-object and picture graphs

9. Proportionality. The student applies mathematical process standards to develop an understanding of proportional relationships in problem situations. The student is expected to:

Standard Description
9A identify ways to earn income
9C list simple skills required for jobs
9D distinguish between wants and needs and identify income as a source to meet one's wants and needs

2. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to represent and compare whole numbers, the relative position and magnitude of whole numbers, and relationships within the numeration system related to place value. The student is expected to:

3. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to develop and use strategies for whole number addition and subtraction computations in order to solve problems. The student is expected to:

4. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to identify coins, their values, and the relationships among them in order to recognize the need for monetary transactions. The student is expected to:

5. Algebraic reasoning. The student applies mathematical process standards to identify and apply number patterns within properties of numbers and operations in order to describe relationships. The student is expected to:

6. Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to analyze attributes of two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional solids to develop generalizations about their properties. The student is expected to:

7. Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to select and use units to describe length and time. The student is expected to:

8. Data analysis. The student applies mathematical process standards to organize data to make it useful for interpreting information and solving problems. The student is expected to:

Standard Description
8A collect, sort, and organize data in up to three categories using models/representations such as tally marks or T-charts
8B use data to create picture and bar-type graphs
8C draw conclusions and generate and answer questions using information from picture and bar-type graphs

9. Personal financial literacy. The student applies mathematical process standards to manage one's financial resources effectively for lifetime financial security. The student is expected to:

Standard Description
9A define money earned as income
9B identify income as a means of obtaining goods and services, oftentimes making choices between wants and needs
9C distinguish between spending and saving
9D consider charitable giving

2. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to understand how to represent and compare whole numbers, the relative position and magnitude of whole numbers, and relationships within the numeration system related to place value. The student is expected to:

3. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to recognize and represent fractional units and communicates how they are used to name parts of a whole. The student is expected to:

4. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to develop and use strategies and methods for whole number computations in order to solve addition and subtraction problems with efficiency and accuracy. The student is expected to:

5. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to determine the value of coins in order to solve monetary transactions. The student is expected to:

Standard Description
5A determine the value of a collection of coins up to one dollar
5B use the cent symbol, dollar sign, and the decimal point to name the value of a collection of coins

6. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to connect repeated addition and subtraction to multiplication and division situations that involve equal groupings and shares. The student is expected to:

7. Algebraic reasoning. The student applies mathematical process standards to identify and apply number patterns within properties of numbers and operations in order to describe relationships. The student is expected to:

8. Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to analyze attributes of two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional solids to develop generalizations about their properties. The student is expected to:

9. Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to select and use units to describe length, area, and time. The student is expected to:

10. Data analysis. The student applies mathematical process standards to organize data to make it useful for interpreting information and solving problems. The student is expected to:

11. Personal financial literacy. The student applies mathematical process standards to manage one's financial resources effectively for lifetime financial security. The student is expected to:

Standard Description
11A calculate how money saved can accumulate into a larger amount over time
11B explain that saving is an alternative to spending
11C distinguish between a deposit and a withdrawal
11D identify examples of borrowing and distinguish between responsible and irresponsible borrowing
11E identify examples of lending and use concepts of benefits and costs to evaluate lending decisions
11F differentiate between producers and consumers and calculate the cost to produce a simple item

2. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to represent and compare whole numbers and understand relationships related to place value. The student is expected to:

3. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to represent and explain fractional units. The student is expected to:

4. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to develop and use strategies and methods for whole number computations in order to solve problems with efficiency and accuracy. The student is expected to:

5. Algebraic reasoning. The student applies mathematical process standards to analyze and create patterns and relationships. The student is expected to:

6. Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to analyze attributes of two-dimensional geometric figures to develop generalizations about their properties. The student is expected to:

7. Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to select appropriate units, strategies, and tools to solve problems involving customary and metric measurement. The student is expected to:

8. Data analysis. The student applies mathematical process standards to solve problems by collecting, organizing, displaying, and interpreting data. The student is expected to:

9. Personal financial literacy. The student applies mathematical process standards to manage one's financial resources effectively for lifetime financial security. The student is expected to:

2. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to represent, compare, and order whole numbers and decimals and understand relationships related to place value. The student is expected to:

3. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to represent and generate fractions to solve problems. The student is expected to:

4. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to develop and use strategies and methods for whole number computations and decimal sums and differences in order to solve problems with efficiency and accuracy. The student is expected to:

5. Algebraic reasoning. The student applies mathematical process standards to develop concepts of expressions and equations. The student is expected to:

6. Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to analyze geometric attributes in order to develop generalizations about their properties. The student is expected to:

7. Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to solve problems involving angles less than or equal to 180 degrees. The student is expected to:

8. Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to select appropriate customary and metric units, strategies, and tools to solve problems involving measurement. The student is expected to:

9. Data analysis. The student applies mathematical process standards to solve problems by collecting, organizing, displaying, and interpreting data. The student is expected to:

10. Personal financial literacy. The student applies mathematical process standards to manage one's financial resources effectively for lifetime financial security. The student is expected to:

Standard Description
10A distinguish between fixed and variable expenses
10B calculate profit in a given situation
10D describe how to allocate a weekly allowance among spending; saving, including for college; and sharing
10E describe the basic purpose of financial institutions, including keeping money safe, borrowing money, and lending

2. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to represent, compare, and order positive rational numbers and understand relationships as related to place value. The student is expected to:

Standard Description
2A represent the value of the digit in decimals through the thousandths using expanded notation and numerals
2B compare and order two decimals to thousandths and represent comparisons using the symbols >, <, or =
2C round decimals to tenths or hundredths

3. Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to develop and use strategies and methods for positive rational number computations in order to solve problems with efficiency and accuracy. The student is expected to:

4. Algebraic reasoning. The student applies mathematical process standards to develop concepts of expressions and equations. The student is expected to:

6. Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to understand, recognize, and quantify volume. The student is expected to:

8. Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to identify locations on a coordinate plane. The student is expected to:

9. Data analysis. The student applies mathematical process standards to solve problems by collecting, organizing, displaying, and interpreting data. The student is expected to:

10. Personal financial literacy. The student applies mathematical process standards to manage one's financial resources effectively for lifetime financial security. The student is expected to:

Standard Description
10A define income tax, payroll tax, sales tax, and property tax
10B explain the difference between gross income and net income
10C identify the advantages and disadvantages of different methods of payment, including check, credit card, debit card, and electronic payments
10D develop a system for keeping and using financial records
10E describe actions that might be taken to balance a budget when expenses exceed income
10F balance a simple budget